WW2010
University of Illinois

WW2010
 
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Online Guides
 
  introduction
 
> meteorology
 
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Meteorology
 
  introduction
 
  air masses, fronts
 
  clouds, precipitation
 
  el nino
 
  forces, winds
 
  hurricanes
 
  hydrologic cycle
 
  light, optics
 
  midlatitude cyclones
 
> severe storms
 
  weather forecasting

Severe Storms
 
  introduction
 
  dangers of t-storms
 
> types of t-storms
 
  tstorm components
 
  tornadoes
 
  modeling

Types of T-storms
 
  storm spectrum
 
  single cell storms
 
  multicell clusters
 
  multicell lines
 
> supercells

Supercells
 
  introduction
 
  on radar
 
  schematic diagrams
 
  features
 
  variations
 
> hp supercells
 
  lp supercells
 
  multicell to supercell
 
  tornadic supercell

HP Supercells
 
  introduction
 
  characteristics
 
> westward view
 
  flow field
 
  outflow boundary

User Interface
 
  graphics
> text

NOTE: We've guessed that you're not using a client that supports colored tables and have tried to compensate. Low graphics mode looks much better on clients that do... we recommend switching to Netscape 3.0 or Microsoft Internet Explorer.
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Westward View of HP Supercell
precipitation curtain wraps around the west and southwest flanks

A westward view of a composite HP storm model shows the position of an inflow cloud band, very similar to the previously mentioned beaver's tail cloud in the classic supercell. In fact, the HP storm has an appearance similar to the classic supercell, except for the opaque precipitation curtain wrapping around the west and southwest flanks of the wall cloud and/or updraft.

[Image: westward view of a composite hp storm (69K)]

Sometimes the precipitation is a solid visual curtain, and at other times there is a distinct break, shown here, between the precipitation falling from the anvil area and that descending from the southwest flank. The southwest flank precipitation shaft is often visually dark and blue-green in color, indicative of unusually heavy rain and hail.

[Image: Colorado HP storm (60K)]
Photograph by: Neiman

This is a westward view of an HP storm in extreme northeast Colorado. Cyclonically-curving inflow bands are visible in the upper portions of the photo, feeding into the updraft area. The storm had a very well-developed wall cloud, with precipitation wrapping around the north, west, and southwest flanks of the lowered cloud base. Note the subtle gust front and shelf cloud extending southward from the wall cloud.

Spotters will have a difficult time with the HP supercell, since there can be poor visual contrast between the wall cloud and precipitation behind it. The strongest visual clues in identifying this type of supercell usually are the curving inflow bands and mid-level cloud bands which wrap around the updraft, both suggestive of storm-scale rotation. This dramatic storm produced large hail but no known tornadoes.

[Image: low-level, horizontal cross-section through a hp supercell (56K)]

This is a low-level, horizontal cross section through a wet or heavy precipitation (HP) supercell. Basically, the HP supercell has a broad hook or pendant, usually with high radar reflectivities (VIP 5s or 6s). Occasionally, the HP supercell has an even more pronounced southwest flank precipitation area, with the radar echo taking the shape of a kidney bean or letter "C".

The inflow/rotating updraft notch will face east, and with nearly equal size precipitation areas northwest and southwest of the mesocyclone. Whichever is the case, the rotating updraft is on the leading storm flank, with heavy precipitation falling into the west and southwest flanks of the mesocyclone. Note the inflow band in the vicinity of the pseudo-warm front east of the updraft.



characteristics
Terms for using data resources. CD-ROM available.
Credits and Acknowledgments for WW2010.
Department of Atmospheric Sciences (DAS) at
the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

flow field