University of Illinois

> online guides
  educational cd-rom
  current weather
  about ww2010

Online Guides
> meteorology
  remote sensing
  reading maps
  projects, activities

  air masses, fronts
  clouds, precipitation
  el nino
  forces, winds
  hydrologic cycle
  light, optics
  midlatitude cyclones
> severe storms
  weather forecasting

Severe Storms
  dangers of t-storms
  types of t-storms
  tstorm components
> tornadoes

  useful diagrams
  low-level flow
  evolution (photos)
> cyclic storms

Cyclic Storms
> introduction
  more tornadoes

User Interface
> text

NOTE: We've guessed that you're not using a client that supports colored tables and have tried to compensate. Low graphics mode looks much better on clients that do... we recommend switching to Netscape 3.0 or Microsoft Internet Explorer.
An Introduction to Cyclic Storms
one updraft weakens as a new one intensifies

Looking northwest from above, an artist's view of a cyclic supercell portrays the rope stage of the dissipating tornado, and the rapidly weakening updraft (A) associated with it. At the same time, a new rotating updraft (B) is developing several miles to the east along the intersection of the RFD gust front and the stationary front (referred to as a pseudo-warm front). The juxtaposition of the intersecting gust fronts make this a highly favored area for formation of a new rotating updraft.

[Image: view of supercell from above (62K)]

The clear slot knifing between (A) and (B) and the new overshooting top indicates that (B) is now the dominant updraft. The cyclonically curving cloud bands inflowing to (B) and a "beaver's tail" oriented east-west in the cloud shadows near the pseudo-warm front are important visual supercell signatures that spotters are likely to observe.

From a meteorological view, as the cool and warm air on adjacent sides of the pseudo-warm front rush westward into the mesocyclone, there is a tendency for the north side cool air to slide beneath the warm air, which, in turn, rotates above the cool air. This "solenoidal" generation of horizontal vorticity and subsequent tilting of this vorticity into the vertical may be a vital component of the tornadogenesis process.

[Image: photograph of similar supercell (58K)]
Photograph by: Moller

Looking in the same direction (northwest), but from beneath the storm, we observe another mature tornado with a clear slot RFD wedging in between the wall cloud and flanking line. A large area of rain-free base is apparent to the east of the tornado.

[Image: tornado from supercell weakens (63K)]
Photograph by: Moller

About 10 minutes later, the tornado lifts after its inflow has been cut off by the advancing RFD. A new wall cloud (extreme right) has formed from beneath the rain-free base, 3 or 4 miles east-southeast of the dying tornado. Within about 20 minutes this wall cloud fostered a violent, 1 mile wide tornado. These tornadoes occurred in the Alfalfa and Binger, Oklahoma. A limited amount of data indicates that 20 minutes is about average for periodicity of cyclic storm tornadoes.

Evolution (photos)
Terms for using data resources. CD-ROM available.
Credits and Acknowledgments for WW2010.
Department of Atmospheric Sciences (DAS) at
the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

more tornadoes